From The Agency of Toxic Substances and Disease Registry
Affected Organ Systems: Developmental (effects during periods when organs are developing) , Hepatic (Liver), Neurological (Nervous System), Renal (Urinary System or Kidneys)
Cancer Classification: EPA: Inadequate information to assess carcinogenic potential. IARC: Not classifiable as to carcinogenicity to humans. NTP: Not evaluated
Chemical Classification: Hydrocarbons (contain hydrogen and carbon atoms), Volatile organic compounds
Summary: There are three forms of xylene in which the methyl groups vary on the benzene ring: meta-xylene, ortho-xylene, and para-xylene (m-, o-, and p-xylene). These different forms are referred to as isomers. Xylene is a colorless, sweet-smelling liquid that catches on fire easily. It occurs naturally in petroleum and coal tar. Chemical industries produce xylene from petroleum. It is one of the top 30 chemicals produced in the United States in terms of volume. Xylene is used as a solvent and in the printing, rubber, and leather industries. It is also used as a cleaning agent, a thinner for paint, and in paints and varnishes. It is found in small amounts in airplane fuel and gasoline.